Taking care of your lawn is not quite easy, especially if you’re a novice in this area. Lawn care specialists agree that autumn is the best period of the year to prepare your lawn for the spring. By following several simple steps and by knowing some tips, you will have a healthy lawn all year round.
Water the Lawn
Even though the weather gets colder, the lawn still needs to be watered in order to maintain the roots hydrated. Water the lawn deeply once or twice per week if there’s a warm, dry fall.
Tip: The best moment to water the lawn is in the morning as it is cooler and the wind is more calm, thus preventing evaporation. Watering in the evening facilitates the growth of fungi.
Adjust the Cutting Height
The grass will continue to grow in the autumn, so you just need to continue your regular cutting routine. During the summer, the ideal cutting height is 3 to 3.5 inches but in the fall it needs some adjustments. The best height is 2 to 2.5 inches as it helps stimulate the root growth.
Tip: Lower the mowing height gradually and keep in mind the 1/3 rule.
Aerate the Soil
Aeration helps prevent soil compaction and facilitates the water uptake and fertilization. You will need an aerator for this job – manual or with motor. It works by punching holes and removing plugs of dirt. The more holes you make, the better.
Tip: It is best to aerate the soil before seeding as it allows grass to grow deeper.
Remove Fallen Leaves
Fallen leaves are really dangerous for your lawn as they suffocate the grass by reducing the amount of sunlight that gets to it. If you let the leaves on the grass, they will decompose and will absorb moisture from the soil thus damaging the grassroots.
Tip: Remove the leaves regularly. The worst thing you can do is to wait to rack them after all the leaves have fallen from the trees.
Fertilize the Lawn
It’s best to fertilize the soil more often but if you don’t, make sure you don’t skip the fall fertilization. The purpose of this process is to promote roots growth and protect them from freezing. In case you’re wondering what the 3 numbers on the fertilizer package mean keep this in mind – the first is for nitrogen and it promotes a lush growth, the second is for phosphate that stimulates growth, and the third is for potassium that strengthens the root and prevents diseases.
Tip: In the early September use a formula with a high concentration of nitrogen and at the end of October use a formula with a high concentration of potassium.
Seed the Lawn
In case you have dead spots in your lawn, now it’s time to take care of them. With the help of a rake, scrape the lawn and then put the seed in the soil to germinate. If you want, you can spread seed over the entire lawn not only on bald spots. As a rule, the denser the lawn is, the less weed will grow. For a successful germination, make sure the seeds get in direct contact with the soil and the soil is properly watered.
Tip: Don’t throw seed on the lawn surface as most of it will be eaten by birds.
Some of the Law Care Essentials You Need
After finding out how to maintain the perfect lawn, let’s find out more about the most important lawn-care equipment you need to ease your work.
Landscape rake (leveling rake) – allows you to level the soil and achieve a better finish. The head material may differ – wood or stainless steel – as well as the height of the handle.
Lawn mower – this is one of the most important equipment you need for your garden. You can get a push lawnmower but it requires more effort on your part. Instead, you can opt for a fuel model that is very powerful, yet pretty loud and less eco-friendly or an electric-powered one that is suitable for less demanding jobs.
Trimmer – allows you to trim grass where the mower can’t– like flower beds, walkways, corners, etc. Here you have the possibility to opt for a gas trimmer – it is more powerful than any electric trimmer and more suitable for demanding jobs. The electric trimmers are less powerful thus they are suitable for small yards. Anyway, they are more silent and require less maintenance. Remember to always wear safety equipment when using the trimmer – earphones and eyeglasses.
Leaf rake – you will need the rake not only in the fall when the leaves are falling but also in the summer or in the spring – to remove weeds or brush. This tool is very easy to use and quite affordable. For removing leaves, you can also opt for a leaf blower but it is more expensive.
Sprayer – helps you spray weed killer solutions and pesticides to protect the grass. You can go with a backpack style model or with a canister one. The first one is recommended for larger gardens.
Sprinkler System – instead of using a hose to water the lawn, you can opt for a sprinkler system that gets the job done for you. The system is suitable for both small and large lawns.